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This article is part of the Research Topic

Ventricular Mechanics in Congenital Heart Disease

Opinion ARTICLE

Front. Pediatr., 14 July 2016 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fped.2016.00071

Ventricular Function in Congenital Heart Defects

  • East Midlands Congenital Heart Centre, Glenfiled Hospital, University Hospital Leicester, Leicester, UK

In order to understand the physiology of the neonatal heart, one must have an understanding of both the fetal circulation and the cardiac function of the adult heart. Transitional changes occur in the neonatal period, where the function of one ventricle has important effects on the function of the contralateral ventricle (1). In the presence of congenital heart defects, the myocardium is exposed to pressure and/or volume overload with the subsequent development of hypertrophy and/or dilatation. This is further complicated by the myocardial exposure to chronic hypoxia (2).

Giovanni Biglino and Adelaide De Vecchi have organized a research topic entitled “Ventricular mechanics in congenital heart disease” in order to increase the current knowledge on the physiology of the neonatal and infant heart, particularly in relationship to the coupling of the ventricular function with the systemic and pulmonary resistance. This research topic will concentrate on myocardial function in complex congenital heart defects, including conditions with a morphologic right ventricle sustaining the systemic circulation and hearts with functionally a single ventricle.

The ventricular interactions in the presence of congenital heart defects have been primarily investigated for the past few decades using ultrasound and radioisotopes (3). This research topic will attract the contribution of researchers using advanced diagnostic techniques to investigate the myocardial function of neonates with normal hearts and with complex congenital heart defects, such as biomedical engineering, non-invasive and invasive diagnostic modalities, cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging, finite element and statistical shape modeling, and computational fluid dynamics (Biglino et al.). This research topic will be of particular interest to those who involved in the treatment of complex congenital heart defects.

Research articles stimulated by this research topic will improve the understanding of the ventricular function in congenital heart defects and will facilitate the decision-making process related to the timing and type of intervention.

An improved knowledge of the degree of myocardial dysfunction as a result of ventricular pressure and/or volume overload due to the presence of cardiac malformations should result in improved comprehensive management strategies for each type of congenital heart defect.

Author Contributions

The author confirms being the sole contributor of this work and approved it for publication.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

References

1. Friedman WF. The intrinsic physiologic properties of the developing heart. Prog Cardiovasc Dis (1972) 15:87–111. doi: 10.1016/0033-0620(72)90006-0

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2. Corno AF, Milano G, Morel S, Tozzi G, Genton CY, Samaja M, et al. Hypoxia: unique myocardial morphology? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg (2004) 127:1301–8. doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2003.06.012

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3. Friedman WF. Radioisotopes and cross sectional ultrasound in congenital heart disease. Adv Cardiol (1976) 17:32–9. doi:10.1159/000398825

CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar

Keywords: congenital heart disease, ventricular mechanics, ventriculo-arterial coupling, modeling, HFPEF

Citation: Corno AF (2016) Ventricular Function in Congenital Heart Defects. Front. Pediatr. 4:71. doi: 10.3389/fped.2016.00071

Received: 18 May 2016; Accepted: 29 June 2016;
Published: 14 July 2016

Edited and Reviewed by: Michael L. Moritz, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, USA

Copyright: © 2016 Corno. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Antonio F. Corno, tonycorno2@gmail.com