Original Research ARTICLE
- 1McMaster University, Canada
- 2Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Canada
We use the point-particle effective field theory (PPEFT) framework to describe particle-conversion mediated by a flavour-changing coupling to a point-particle. We do this for a toy model of two non-relativistic scalars coupled to the same point-particle, on which there is a flavour-violating coupling. It is found that the point-particle couplings all must be renormalized with respect to a radial cut-off near the origin, and it is an invariant of the flow of the flavour-changing coupling that is directly related to particle-changing cross-sections. At the same time, we find an interesting dependence of those cross-sections on the ratio k_out/k_in of the outgoing and incoming momenta, which can lead to a 1/k_in enhancement in certain regimes. We further connect this model to the case of a single-particle non-self-adjoint (absorptive) PPEFT, as well as to a PPEFT of a single particle coupled to a two-state nucleus. These results could be relevant for future calculations of any more complicated reactions, such as nucleus-induced electron-muon conversions, monopole catalysis of baryon number violation, as well as nuclear transfer reactions.
Keywords: Flavour violation, Effective Field Theories, Catalysis, High energy physics - theory, Nuclear theory
Received: 30 Apr 2019;
Accepted: 11 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Hayman and Burgess. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Mx. Peter Hayman, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada, email@example.com