Volume 10 - 2022 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2022.1121482
Editorial: Advanced electrochemical energy devices
- School of Energy and Power, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang, China
Editorial on the Research Topic
Advanced electrochemical energy devices
The ever-increasing environmental issues and energy crisis have summoned up the carbon neutral strategy all over the world, thus promoting the development of new energy conversion technologies, such as wind, solar, fuel cells, as well as new energy storage technologies, especially electrochemical energy devices, among the various technologies, Supercapacitors (SCs) (Wei et al., 2017), Li/K/Zn/Na/Mg ion/air batteries (Wei et al., 2020), and fuel cells (Wei et al., 2014) as advanced next-generation power sources have evoked a plethora of research owing to their high energy density, flexibility of scale and environmentally friendly features.
For the purpose of accelerating the development of electrochemical energy conversion and storage industry, a Research Topic of “Advanced Electrochemical Energy Devices” is proposed by the journal of Frontiers in Chemistry. Experts and researchers from many famous universities were invited to share their prospects or progress in this field. This Research Topic includes 4 papers, including 3 research papers and a review, which represents the current hot research directions in advanced electrochemical energy devices and the authors have given their insightful opinions about these technologies.
2 Topic A: Graphene hydrogels used in SCs
Supercapacitor (also called pseudocapacitor) is a new type of energy storage device developed in recent years. It has the characteristics of high-power density, long service life, and rapid charge and discharge which can be used in self-powered equipment and electric vehicles. Graphene and its derivatives have been studied extensively in SCs for their high specific surface areas and conductivities. With a fully utilized surface area of one single-layer graphene, a theoretical specific capacitance of 550 F g−1 can be obtained (El-Kady et al., 2012). However, the graphene sheets tend to re-stack during fabrication. Graphene hydrogels and aerogels with self-assembled 2D graphene sheets into 3D framework seems to be an efficient way to solve the issue of stacking (De et al., 2017; Kou et al., 2015). Ju et al. presented a facile two-step hydrothermal method to achieve a functionalized graphene oxide hydrogels as binder-free electrodes, the assembled symmetric SC delivered a high specific energy of 39 Wh kg−1 at a specific power of 749 W kg−1, while still maintaining 88.09% of its initial capacitance after 10,000 cycles.
3 Topic B: Flexible potassium-ion batteries (PIBs)
Potassium is much more abundant in the Earth’s crust compared to lithium (.0017 wt% for Li and 1.5 wt% for K), thus the prices of potassium precursors are much cheaper than lithium precursors which was used to produce the corresponding metal (Min et al., 2021). Therefore, PIBs are considered another competitive alternative for lithium-ion batteries (Wei et al., Forthcoming 2022). What’s more, flexible devices such as wearable devices and portable soft electronic equipment are urgently needed by the modern society, it should be a huge market for the flexible PIBs, however, the applications of flexible PIBs are still scarce. Li et al. systematically reviewed the recent progresses of carbon-based flexible anodes for PIBs.
4 Topic C: Solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOECs)
SOEC is an attractive device that can produce synthesis gas (a mixture of H2 and CO) from H2O and CO2 from excess renewable power, which operates through a reverse reaction of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) (Zheng et al., 2017). However, SOEC needs to work in high temperature and humidity environment, whereas, the conventional Ni-YSZ electrode suffers from the agglomeration of Ni particles (Yue and Irvine, 2012). In order to overcome this disadvantage, some perovskite-based oxides were proposed. Thus, Zhen et al. proposed Ni/Ti co-doped Sr1.95Fe1.2Ni0.1Ti0.2Mo0.5O6-δ double perovskite oxides and used it for effective CO2 reduction, the cell exhibits excellent stability at 1.4 V after 100 h.
This “Advanced Electrochemical Energy Devices” Research Topic introduces some latest development in electrochemical energy devices, which is believed to provide representative progresses in this area. For the purpose of achieving the carbon neutral society, much work still should be done in future. We sincerely thank all the authors, reviewers, and the editorial team of Frontiers in Chemistry for their hard works.
CS and SW wrote the original manuscript; MW collected the papers; TW edited this Research Topic and wrote the final manuscript; DC helped to modify the final manuscript.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
De, B., Kuila, T., Kim, N. H., and Lee, J. H. (2017). Carbon dot stabilized copper sulphide nanoparticles decorated graphene oxide hydrogel for high performance asymmetric supercapacitor. Carbon 122, 247–257. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2017.06.076
El-Kady, M. F., Strong, V., Dubin, S., and Kaner, R. B. (2012). Laser scribing of high-performance and flexible graphene-based electrochemical capacitors. Science 335, 1326–1330. doi:10.1126/science.1216744
Kou, L., Liu, Z., Huang, T., Zheng, B., Tian, Z., Deng, Z., et al. (2015). Wet-spun, porous, orientational graphene hydrogel films for high-performance supercapacitor electrodes. Nanoscale 7, 4080–4087. doi:10.1039/C4NR07038K
Min, X., Xiao, J., Fang, M., Wang, W., Zhao, Y., Liu, Y., et al. (2021). Potassium-ion batteries: Outlook on present and future technologies. Energy Environ. Sci. 14, 2186–2243. doi:10.1039/D0EE02917C
Wei, T., Lu, J., Zhang, P., Yang, G., Sun, C., Zhou, Y., et al. (Forthcoming 2022). Metal–organic framework-derived Co3O4 modified nickel foam-based dendrite-free anode for robust lithium metal batteries. Chin. Chem. Lett., 107947. doi:10.1016/j.cclet.2022.107947
Wei, T., Zhang, Z., Wang, Z., Zhang, Q., Ye, Y. S., Lu, J. H., et al. (2020). Ultrathin solid composite electrolyte based on Li6.4La3Zr1.4Ta0.6O12/PVDF-HFP/LiTFSI/Succinonitrile for high-performance solid-state lithium metal batteries. ACS Appl. Energy Mat. 3, 9428–9435. doi:10.1021/acsaem.0c01872
Wei, T., Zhang, Mi., Wu, P., Tang, Y. J., Li, S. L., Shen, F. C., et al. (2017). POM-based metal-organic framework/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites with hybrid behavior of battery-supercapacitor for superior lithium storage. Nano Energy 34, 205–214. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.02.028
Wei, T., Zhou, X., Hu, Q., Gao, Q., Han, D., Lv, X., et al. (2014). A high power density solid oxide fuel cell based on nano-structured La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.5Fe0.5O3-δ anode. Electrochim. Acta 148, 33–38. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2014.10.020
Yue, X., and Irvine, J. T. S. (2012). Alternative cathode material for CO2 reduction by high temperature solid oxide electrolysis cells. J. Electrochem. Soc. 159, F442–F448. doi:10.1149/2.040208jes
Zheng, Y., Wang, J., Yu, B., Zhang, W., Chen, J., Qiao, J., et al. (2017). A review of high temperature Co-electrolysis of H2O and CO2 to produce sustainable fuels using solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs): Advanced materials and technology. Chem. Soc. Rev. 46, 1427–1463. doi:10.1039/c6cs00403b
Keywords: electrochemical energy devices, supercapacitors, fuel cells, potassium-ion batteries, solid oxide electrolysis cell
Citation: Wei T, Sun C, Wang S, Wang M and Chen D (2023) Editorial: Advanced electrochemical energy devices. Front. Chem. 10:1121482. doi: 10.3389/fchem.2022.1121482
Received: 11 December 2022; Accepted: 20 December 2022;
Published: 04 January 2023.
Edited and reviewed by:Nosang Vincent Myung, University of Notre Dame, United States
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*Correspondence: Tao Wei, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org