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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00063

Trends in the study of motivation in schizophrenia: A bibliometric analysis of six decades of research (1956-2017).

 Juana Gómez-Benito1, 2*, Viviana R. Carmona1 and Antonia Najas-García1
  • 1Department of Methodology for Behavioral Science, University of Barcelona, Spain
  • 2b Institute of Neurosciences (UB Neuro), University of Barcelona, Spain

Motivation in schizophrenia has been a key research aim for several decades. Motivation is a very complex process underlying negative symptoms that has been assessed and identified using very different instruments and terminologies. This study provides a comprehensive overview of the growing literature production and highlights an extensive set of variables to better understand the study of motivation. Electronic databases were searched in order to compile relevant studies of motivation in individuals with schizophrenia. The initial search identified 3,248 potentially interesting records, and of these, 161 articles published between 1956 and 2017 were finally included. Information such as year of publication, journal, country, and number of authors was codified. Variables related to sample characteristics, methodological aspects, and motivational terms were also extracted. The results revealed a significant growth trend in literature production, especially since the 2000s, with reward as the main term studied. In addition, questionnaires were identified as the preferred instrument to assess motivation in patients with schizophrenia. Other aspects such as country of publication, authors, journals of publication, and co-citation network analysis were also examined. The discussion offers recommendations for future research.

Keywords: intrinsic motivation, Co-citation analysis, Mapping, Reward, self efficacy, negative symptoms

Received: 04 Aug 2017; Accepted: 16 Jan 2018.

Edited by:

Pietro Cipresso, Istituto Auxologico Italiano (IRCCS), Italy

Reviewed by:

Jeffrey Bedwell, University of Central Florida, United States
Carlos Olmeda-Gómez, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
Andrew Bismark, Desert Pacific MIRECC/VA San Diego Healthcare System, United States  

Copyright: © 2018 Gómez-Benito, Carmona and Najas-García. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Juana Gómez-Benito, University of Barcelona, Department of Methodology for Behavioral Science, Barcelona, Spain, juanagomez@ub.edu