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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00424

Burnout in Health Professionals according to their Self-Esteem, Social Support and Empathy Profile

  • 1University of Almería, Spain
  • 2Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Chile

Introduction: Professionals in the healthcare field are in situations that could be a source of stress and sometimes develop burnout syndrome. Self-esteem, social support and empathy are variables which intervene and influence the appearance of this syndrome.
Objective: Identify healthcare professional profiles based on self-esteem, empathy and perceived social support, and analyze the extent to which these profiles show differences in developing burnout.
Method: The sample was made up of 719 healthcare professionals with a mean of 38.52 years of age. The Short Questionnaire of Burnout, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Perceived Social Support Questionnaire and the Basic Empathy Scale were used.
Results: The results of a cluster analysis with self-esteem, empathy and perceived social support showed four groups/profiles. Two of them, which included professionals with low self-esteem, differed in the rest of the characteristics. Furthermore, significant differences in burnout scores were found among the groups identified.
Conclusion: The results show the need to study burnout with attention to individual and or social characteristics, where self-esteem is shown to be one of the explanatory variables making the main differences among the groups.

Keywords: Burnout, Professional, Empathy, healthcare, Self-steem, social support

Received: 28 Jan 2018; Accepted: 14 Mar 2018.

Edited by:

Gabriela Topa, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Spain

Reviewed by:

Francisco M. Morales, Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación, Universidad de Málaga, Spain
M. Adelina G. Couñago, Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain  

Copyright: © 2018 Molero, Pérez Fuentes, Gázquez and Barragán Martín. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. María Del Carmen Pérez Fuentes, University of Almería, Almería, Spain,