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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00845


  • 1School of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia
  • 2Doctoral School of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia

The Cognitive Flexibility Inventory (CFI) is a brief self-report measure of the type of cognitive flexibility necessary to successfully challenge and restructure maladaptive beliefs with more balanced and adaptive thinking; it is particularly popular for use with English speakers. The CFI has recently been translated into five languages (Chinese, Japanese, Iranian, Turkish and Russian), although estimates of reliability and validity of these translated versions are scarce. This study reports on the factor structure, internal consistency, reliability, and construct validity of the CFI. We adopted the CFI for a Russian-speaking population, using student sample of 445 first and second-year undergraduates (M = 18.59 years, SD = 1.19) and found that a two-factor model fitted the data well. However, the structure of the CFI was revised because of some modifications, which were made to the original English to match the Russian equivalents of items originally developed to assess the definite aspect of cognitive flexibility. The CFI-R showed good internal consistency and suitable 7-week test-retest reliability. The construct validity of the Russian version of the CFI was studied by computing correlations with other related measures of cognitive flexibility (Attributional Style Questionnaire), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory), coping (Ways of Coping (Revised)) and rigidity (Tomsk Rigidity Questionnaire). Furthermore, to assess whether the construct validity were affected by psychopathology we examined results for nonclinical and clinical samples, using “known-groups” method. The clinical sample reported lower cognitive flexibility than did the nonclinical sample on the CFI-R’s total score and its subscales’ scores. Findings in the present study suggest that the psychometric properties of the Russian CFI are comparable to the English original, making it appropriate to research assessment of the type of cognitive flexibility in Russian speaking population.

Keywords: cognitive flexibility, Cognitive Flexibility Inventory, coping, Depression, rigidity

Received: 12 Jan 2018; Accepted: 11 May 2018.

Edited by:

Anatoliy V. Kharkhurin, American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Reviewed by:

Giorgio Arcara, IRCCS Fondazione Ospedale San Camillo, Italy
Maicon R. Albuquerque, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil  

Copyright: © 2018 Kurginyan and Osavolyuk. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Mr. Sergey S. Kurginyan, National Research University Higher School of Economics, School of Psychology, Room 416, 4/2 Armyanskiy pereulok, Moscow, 101000, Russia,