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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00933

Self esteem and Happiness as predictors of school teachers' health: the mediating role of job satisfaction

Paula Benevene1, Maya Mary Ittan2 and  MICHELA CORTINI3*
  • 1Libera Università Maria SS. Assunta, Italy
  • 2Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Italy
  • 3Università degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti e Pescara, Italy

Background: A wealth of cross-sectional studies show consistent positive relationships between teachers’ happiness and self esteem on one hand, and health, on the other, which calls for additional research in order to disentangle cause and effect between the two, and to find potential mediators.
Aims: To investigate the mediating role played by job satisfaction between teachers’ happiness and self esteem and their physical and mental health.
Methods: A questionnaire was administered, containing questions about participants’ background information and the following scales: the Job Satisfaction Survey, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Physical and Mental Health Scales (SF12), and the Ivens Scale in the Adapted Version for Teachers: School Children’s Happiness Inventory (SCHI). The participants were 300 primary and middle school teachers from the Indian State of Kerala.
Results: Job satisfaction fully mediates between both happiness and self esteem, and health in teachers.
Conclusions: Work is a relevant domain to promote teachers’ happiness and self esteem, and their health, through job satisfaction.

Keywords: Subjective well-being, happiness, Health, teachers, Job Satisfaction, self esteem

Received: 23 Feb 2018; Accepted: 22 May 2018.

Edited by:

Gabriele Giorgi, Università Europea di Roma, Italy

Reviewed by:

Amelia Manuti, Università degli studi di Bari Aldo Moro, Italy
Emanuela Ingusci, University of Salento, Italy  

Copyright: © 2018 Benevene, Ittan and CORTINI. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. MICHELA CORTINI, Università degli Studi G. d'Annunzio Chieti e Pescara, Chieti, Italy, cortini@unich.it