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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01873

Motor reproduction of time interval depends on internal temporal cues in the brain: Sensorimotor imagery in rhythm

 Tatsuya Daikoku1*, Yuji Takahashi2, Nagayoshi Tarumoto2 and Hideki Yasuda2
  • 1Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften, Germany
  • 2Teikyo Heisei University, Japan

How the human brain perceives time intervals is a fascinating topic that has been explored in many fields of study. This study examined how time intervals are replicated in three conditions: with no internalized cue (PT), with an internalized cue without a beat (AS), and with an internalized cue with a beat (RS). In PT, participants accurately reproduced the time intervals up to approximately 3 s. Over 3 s, however, the reproduction errors became increasingly negative. In RS, longer presentations of over 5.6 s and 13 beats induced accurate time intervals in reproductions. This suggests longer exposure to beat presentation leads to stable internalization and efficiency in the sensorimotor processing of perception and reproduction. In AS, up to approximately 3 s, the results were similar to those of RS whereas over 3 s, the results shifted and became similar to those of PT. The time intervals between the first two stimuli indicate that the strategies of time-interval reproduction in AS may shift from RS to PT. Neural basis underlying the reproduction of time intervals without a beat may depend on length of time interval between adjacent stimuli in sequences.

Keywords: Reproduction, Temporal, time interval, Rhythm, motor, auditory

Received: 03 Jul 2018; Accepted: 12 Sep 2018.

Edited by:

Kielan Yarrow, City University of London, United Kingdom

Reviewed by:

Martin Wiener, George Mason University, United States
Tsuyoshi Kuroda, Independent researcher  

Copyright: © 2018 Daikoku, Takahashi, Tarumoto and Yasuda. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Tatsuya Daikoku, Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften, Leipzig, Germany,