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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02605

Analysis of the mediating role of self-efficacy and self-esteem on the effect of workload on Burnout for increase the nurses' plans for working longer

  • 1University of Almería, Spain
  • 2Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Chile

At the present time, we know that there is a positive relationship between self-efficacy and self-esteem in which positive beliefs about one’s own efficacy increase one’s sense of self-worth as stressful situations of a heavy workload are coped with successfully, and this, in turn, affects the nurses' plans to work longer. Analyze the mediating role of self-efficacy and self-esteem in the effect of workload, measured as the number of users attended to during a workday, on burnout in nursing professionals. A sample of 1307 nurses aged 22 to 60 years who were administered the Brief Burnout Questionnaire, the General Self-Efficacy Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and workload, measured as the number of users attended to during the workday. The results show that professionals with high levels of self-efficacy also scored higher on global self-esteem. Burnout correlated negatively with both variables (Self-efficacy and Self-esteem). Three clusters were found with the variables (Self-efficacy, Self-esteem and Workload) showing significant differences in burnout scores among clusters. Self-efficacy and self-esteem function as buffers of the negative effects of workload on burnout. Organizations should design interventions for promoting the personal resources of their workers through training activities and organizational resources (e.g., redesigning job positions) to promote satisfaction and wellbeing of employees, making their stay at work greater.

Keywords: Self-efficacy (SE), Self-Esteem (SE), Workload, Burnout - professional, psychology, Mediating model

Received: 24 Oct 2018; Accepted: 04 Dec 2018.

Edited by:

Gabriela Topa, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Spain

Reviewed by:

JUAN L. CASTEJON, University of Alicante, Spain
Antonio Valle, University of A Coruña, Spain
Celestino Rodríguez, Universidad de Oviedo Mieres, Spain  

Copyright: © 2018 Molero, Pérez Fuentes and Gázquez. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. María del Carmen Pérez Fuentes, University of Almería, Almería, 04120, Andalusia, Spain, mpf421@ual.es