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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02776

Quantitative Job Insecurity and Well-being: Testing the Mediating Role of Hindrance and Challenge Appraisals

  • 1National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia

The aim of this study is to determine the extent to which cognitive appraisals of job insecurity may mediate the link between job insecurity and well-being among employees. According to cognitive appraisal theory, the two cognitive appraisals of job insecurity, hindrance vs. challenge appraisals, were integrated into a conceptual model and examined as the mediators of job insecurity-wellbeing association. Well-being related outcomes were job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion. Hypotheses were tested using a total sample of 306 hospital staff. Respondents from diverse departments of this hospital were recruited and completed scales on quantitative job insecurity, hindrance vs. challenge appraisals of job insecurity, job satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion. Results indicated that hindrance appraisals of job insecurity mediated the association between job insecurity and emotional exhaustion. Challenge appraisals did not mediate the job insecurity-well-being association. In all, only one out of four mediation paths was found significant. As a result, employees hindered by job insecurity are more likely to be emotionally exhausted by perceived job insecurity.

Keywords: Job Insecurity, Well-being, hindrance appraisals, challenge appraisals, Job Satisfaction, Emotional exhaustion

Received: 10 Sep 2018; Accepted: 24 Dec 2018.

Edited by:

Gabriela Topa, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Spain

Reviewed by:

Rajneesh Choubisa, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, India
Paula Benevene, Libera Università Maria SS. Assunta, Italy  

Copyright: © 2018 Charkhabi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Morteza Charkhabi, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, 101000, Moscow Oblast, Russia, morteza.charkhabi@univr.it