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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00072

Flexible emotion regulation: how situational demands and individual differences influence the effectiveness of regulatory strategies

  • 1Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Poland
  • 2Department of Management, The University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom

The number of studies and theoretical contributions on emotion regulation has grown rapidly. In this article we describe the concept of flexible emotion regulation. We argue that the effectiveness of specific emotion regulation strategies depends on the interaction of the features of a situation and personality characteristics of the individual regulating his/her emotions. We review a few recent theoretical contributions and studies that have attempted to capture some aspects of the flexibility of emotion regulation rather than distinguish between overly adaptive and maladaptive strategies. Moreover, we discuss potential personality determinants of effectiveness of particular regulatory strategies. We claim that further studies should address the interaction of situational and dispositional factors in shaping the effectiveness of particular emotion regulation strategies. So far, situational and personality determinants have been studied rather separately.

Keywords: Flexibility, Personality, Emotion Regulation, emotion regulation strategies, context

Received: 05 Mar 2018; Accepted: 10 Jan 2019.

Edited by:

Nadin Beckmann, Durham University, United Kingdom

Reviewed by:

Ralph E. Schmidt, Université de Genève, Switzerland
Shane Connelly, University of Oklahoma, United States  

Copyright: © 2019 Kobylinska and Kusev. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: PhD. Dorota Kobylinska, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Psychology, Warsaw, 00-927, Poland,