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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00713

The INventory of Callous-unemotional traits and Antisocial behaviour (INCA) for young people: development and validation in a community sample

  • 1Research Center for Behavior Assessment, Psychology Department, University of Rovira i Virgili, Spain

Callous-unemotional traits are defined as potential markers of psychopathy in children and adolescents. Previous studies with the most widely used instrument designed specifically to assess these traits, the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU), have shown major methodological problems. For this reason, the purpose of the present study was to develop a valid and reliable test to assess callous-unemotional traits for the adolescent population free of the response biases social desirability (SD) and acquiescence (AC). In order to obtain responses free of these biases, we used SD item markers as well as content balanced items to identify a factor related to SD and AC, so that SD and AC effects can be removed from the individual scores on content factors. As well as the CU traits (unemotional, callousness and uncaring scales), this new questionnaire also contains an additional scale for assessing antisocial behaviours. The test was administered to 719 adolescents between 13 and 19 years old. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis yielded the following expected four dimensions with a good fit:. Unemotional, Callousness, Uncaring and Antisocial Behaviour These scales also showed good psychometric properties with good reliability, and convergent, discriminant and criterion validity.

Keywords: psychopathy, CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS, Antisocial behaviour, Adolescence-, Response biases

Received: 02 Aug 2018; Accepted: 14 Mar 2019.

Edited by:

Lynne D. Roberts, Curtin University, Australia

Reviewed by:

Georgiana Susa, Babeș-Bolyai University, Romania
Antonio Zuffiano, Liverpool Hope University, United Kingdom  

Copyright: © 2019 Morales-Vives, Cosi, Lorenzo-Seva and Vigil-Colet. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Fabia Morales-Vives, University of Rovira i Virgili, Research Center for Behavior Assessment, Psychology Department, Tarragona, Spain,