Hypothesis and Theory ARTICLE
A Theoretical Framework of Haptic Processing in Automotive User Interfaces and Its Implications on Design and Engineering
- 1BMW (Germany), Germany
- 2Department of General Psychology and Methodology, University of Bamberg, Germany
- 3Bamberg Graduate School of Affective and Cognitive Sciences, University of Bamberg, Germany
Driving a car is a highly visual task. Despite the trend towards increased driver assistance and autonomous vehicles, drivers still need to interact with the car for both driving and non-driving relevant tasks, at times simultaneously. The often-resulting high cognitive load is a safety issue which can be addressed by providing the driver with alternative feedback modalities, such as haptics. Recent trends in the automotive industry are moving towards the seamless integration of control elements through touch-sensitive surfaces. Psychological knowledge on optimally utilizing haptic technologies remains limited. The literature on automotive haptic feedback consists mainly of singular findings without putting them into a broader user context with respect to haptic design of interfaces. Moreover, haptic feedback has primarily been limited to the confirmation of control actions rather than the searching or finding of control elements, the latter of which becomes particularly important considering the current trends. This paper presents an integrated framework on haptic processing in automotive user interfaces and provides guidelines for haptic design of user interfaces in car interiors.
Keywords: haptics, Automotive, User Experience, Interaction design, Haptic design, Haptic interface
Received: 23 Feb 2019;
Accepted: 11 Jun 2019.
Edited by:Rufin VanRullen, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), France
Reviewed by:Christian Wallraven, Korea University, South Korea
Manfred Thüring, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
Copyright: © 2019 Breitschaft, Clarke and Carbon. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Claus-Christian Carbon, University of Bamberg, Department of General Psychology and Methodology, Bamberg, 96047, Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org