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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01590

Economic inequality and masculinity-femininity: The prevailing perceived traits in higher unequal contexts are masculine

  • 1University of Granada, Spain

Previous studies have shown that economic inequality influences psychological processes. In this article we argue that economic inequality also makes masculine attributes more prototypical. In Study 1 (N = 106), using an experimental design, we showed that individuals of a society are perceived as more masculine than feminine when there is higher inequality. The Study 2 (N = 75) experimentally shows that the upper social class is perceived mostly with masculine traits, and that effect is greater when there is a high economic inequality. The lower social class is more clearly perceived with feminine traits. These results contribute with information about the consequences of economic inequality for social perception.

Keywords: Economic inequality, Masculinity, Femininity, stereotypes, Social Class

Received: 30 Nov 2018; Accepted: 24 Jun 2019.

Edited by:

Didem Kurt, Boston University, United States

Reviewed by:

Nicolas Sommet, Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Federica Durante, Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy
Christina Sagioglou, University of Innsbruck, Austria  

Copyright: © 2019 Moreno-Bella, Willis and Moya. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Guillermo B. Willis, University of Granada, Granada, 18071, Spain,