Original Research ARTICLE
Character Strengths Lead to Satisfactory Educational Outcomes through Strengths Knowledge and Strengths Use
- 1Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, China
- 2Wuhan University, China
- 3Xi'an Technological University, China
Despite the flourishing of positive education, understanding of whether different character strengths have different predictive effects on academic achievement/ well-being and the mechanisms of actions between character strengths is limited. Specifically, this study adopted strength use as a mediator to understand well how character strength (assessed by caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control) is associated with students’ end-of-year academic achievements and well-being. Survey data from 349 adolescents from three different schools showed that three factors of character strengths have positive correlations with academic achievements and well-being. Regression models indicated that inquisitiveness and self-control predicted academic achievements, while caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control predicted well-being, with the foremost as the strongest predictor. Mediation analyses indicated that (1) strengths use fully mediated the relationship between inquisitiveness, self-control, and academic achievements/well-being, while (2) caring had a direct effect on well-being. These findings provided possible explanations on how character strengths could affect students’ academic achievements or well-being and theoretical and empirical evidence for practices that aim to enhance students’ academic achievements and positive developments via interventions based on character strengths.
Keywords: Character strengths, Positive Psychology, Well - being, Educational outcomes (GPA, absenteeism, discipline), structural equation (SEM), Mediation, flourishing
Received: 12 Feb 2019;
Accepted: 24 Jul 2019.
Edited by:Michael S. Dempsey, Boston University, United States
Reviewed by:Lourdes Rey, University of Málaga, Spain
Anat Shoshani, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Israel
Copyright: © 2019 Tang, Li, Mu, Cheng and Duan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Wenjie Duan, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, firstname.lastname@example.org