Original Research ARTICLE
The Dark Side of Expressed Humility for Non-Humble Leaders: A Conservation of Resources Perspective
- 1Fourth Military Medical University, China
- 2Fourth Military Medical University, China
- 3Renmin University of China, China
Although existing studies to date predominately focus on the beneficial effects of leader expressed humility on followers, knowledge about how those behaviors impact the leaders themselves is scarce. Drawing on the conservation of resources theory, we develop and test a model that specifies for whom and how expressing humility has detrimental effects on leaders’ emotional exhaustion and the downstream implications of this effect for leaders’ turnover intentions and work-to-family conflict. Data from a multisource, time-lagged survey of 55 team leaders and 281 followers showed that expressed humility was positively associated with leaders’ emotional exhaustion when Honesty-Humility was low, after controlling for Emotionality, sleep quality, overall job satisfaction and hindrance stressors. In addition, we found that expressed humility was positively and indirectly related to leaders’ turnover intentions and work-to-family conflict via emotional exhaustion when Honesty-Humility was low. Overall, our research sheds light on why and under what conditions the dark side of humble leader behaviors are going to emerge and take their toll on the leaders themselves. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
Keywords: Expressed Humility, honesty-humility, work-to-family conflict, Turnover Intentions;, Emotional Exhaustion;
Received: 25 Mar 2019;
Accepted: 29 Jul 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Yang, Zhou, Wang, Lin and Luo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Mx. Zhengxue Luo, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'An, China, firstname.lastname@example.org