Original Research ARTICLE
Sustained Effect of Music Training on the Enhancement of Executive Function in Preschool Children
- 1Liaoning Collaborative Innovation Center of Children and Adolescents Healthy Personality, College of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, China
- 2College of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, China
- 3Liaoning Normal University, China
- 4Independent researcher, China
Musical training is an enrichment activity involving multiple senses, including auditory, visual, somatosensorial, attention, memory, and executive function (EF), all of which are related to cognition. This study examined whether musical training enhances EF in preschool children who had not undergone previous systematic music learning. This study also explored the after-effects 12 weeks after cessation of musical training. Participants were 61 preschool children from a university-affiliated kindergarten in North China. The experimental group underwent 12 weeks of integrated musical training (i.e., music theory, singing, dancing, and role-playing), while the control group performed typical daily classroom activities. The 3 components (inhibitory control, working memory, cognitive flexibility) of executive functions were evaluated using the Day/Night Stroop, Dimensional Change Card Sort, Dot Matrix Test, and Backward Digit Span Task. In Experment 1, EFs were tested twice-before (T1) and after (T2) the music training. The results showed that children’s EFs could be promoted by musical training. In addition, EFs were tested again 12 weeks later after the end of the intervention (T3) in Experment 2. We discovered that integrated musical training demonstrated a sustained promotion effect.
Keywords: Music, training, Executive Function, Preschool children, Sustained effect
Received: 27 Mar 2019;
Accepted: 05 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Shen, Lin, Liu, Fang and Liu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: PhD. Lele Fang, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, China, email@example.com