Original Research ARTICLE
The association between eating-compensatory behaviors and affective temperament in a Brazilian population
- 1Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
- 2Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir, Spain
- 3Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Brazil
Eating-compensatory behaviors are associated with biological and psychological complications, with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Different elements may contribute to the development of eating-compensatory behaviors, such as genetic, physiological, environmental and temperamental factors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between affective temperaments and eating-compensatory behaviors. A sample of 27.501 volunteers, between 18 and 55 years old, mean age 28.9 ± 8.7 years (69.6% women), were assessed by the Brazilian Internet Study on Temperament and Psychopathology (BRAINSTEP). The results showed that eating-compensatory behaviors were associated with distinctive affective temperaments. Cyclothymic types were more associated with eating-compensatory behaviors. The avoidant and irritable types presented lower percentages of eating-compensatory behaviors in women and men, respectively. In conclusion, this study highlighted that participants who adopted frequent eating-compensatory behaviors are more likely to have dysfunctional affective traits. Consequently, the affective temperaments should be considered as a strategy to build capacity for prevention, treatment, and care of eating-compensatory behaviors.
Keywords: Temperament, Eating Disorders, body image, Personality, Web-survey
Received: 28 Dec 2018;
Accepted: 05 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Chapuis-de-Andrade, Moret-Tatay, Costa, Abreu da Silva, Irigaray and Lara. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Carmen Moret-Tatay, Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir, Valencia, Spain, email@example.com