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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01940


 Bruno Felix1* and Flavia Cavazotte2
  • 1Fucape Business School, Brazil
  • 2Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Individuals are sometimes unable to realize their callings in their formal careers. The literature has highlighted that such unanswered callings produce negative outcomes in the individual's career and personal life and that coping strategies, such as job and leisure, can help them buffer such consequences. We developed a grounded theory regarding how people cope with their unanswered callings through a previously unexplored strategy in the calling literature: workplace personalization. Our study revealed that through this strategy, individuals retain the aspects of an unanswered calling in their self-concept and then reduce the consequences of not realizing the calling. Some participants enjoy some of the benefits of perceiving a calling, even without performing it in a formal work role. This phenomenon occurs because workplace personalization can be used to represent unanswered callings performed in the past and present that are intended to be performed in the future. This form of enactment produces interpersonal and intrapersonal processes that helps buffer the negative consequences of not realizing a calling.

Keywords: Unanswered calling, Workplace personalization, Calling enactment, self-concept, Symbol

Received: 25 Mar 2019; Accepted: 07 Aug 2019.

Edited by:

Giulio Arcangeli, University of Florence, Italy

Reviewed by:

Luigi I. Lecca, University of Cagliari, Italy
Gabriele Giorgi, Università Europea di Roma, Italy  

Copyright: © 2019 Felix and Cavazotte. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Bruno Felix, Fucape Business School, Vitoria, Brazil,