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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01998

The Effects of an Appropriate Behavior Program on Elementary School Children Social Skills Development in Physical Education

 Pedro Gil-Madrona1*, Eva Cristina Gutiérrez-Marín1,  Marcos Cupani2, Amaury Samalot-Rivera3, Arturo Díaz-Suárez4 and  Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez4*
  • 1Universidad de Castilla La Mancha Albacete, Spain
  • 2Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina
  • 3The College at Brockport, United States
  • 4University of Murcia, Spain

The purpose of this study was to see the effects of an appropriate behavior development program in relation to the improvement of fair play and social skills behaviors of elementary school children during the physical education class. The participants of this study were 204 students from 5th and 6th grade from 7 different public schools in Castilla La Mancha, Spain. Data was collected through a questionnaire to measure students’ pre-and post-appropriate behaviors to winning, to loosing, during the game, fair play, and social skills during the physical education class. Results from this study revealed that participants improved their behaviors with the implementation of the intervention (appropriate behavior program), generating positive changes in students’ attitudes and social skills during physical education class. In relation to children gender, girls had better scores than boys in relation to appropriate behaviors when losing. Further, when comparing students’ age, those from 10 to 11 years old scored higher in fair play behaviors and social skills. In conclusion, the intervention program was effective to improve the behaviors of the school children, generating positive changes in their attitudes and social skills during physical education.

Keywords: Appropriate behaviors, Social Skills, games, Sports, Physical Education, Elementary education, fair play

Received: 14 May 2019; Accepted: 15 Aug 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Gil-Madrona, Gutiérrez-Marín, Cupani, Samalot-Rivera, Díaz-Suárez and López Sánchez. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence:
Dr. Pedro Gil-Madrona, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha Albacete, Albacete, Spain,
Dr. Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez, University of Murcia, Murcia, 30003, Murcia, Spain,