Original Research ARTICLE
Dispositional flow and performance in Brazilian triathletes
- 1State University of Maringá, Brazil
- 2Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Brazil
- 3Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brazil
- 4Duke University, United States
Flow is a mental state characterized by total imersion and focus in an activity, performing it pleasurably, such state is also considered optimal for performance. Present study aimed to analyze the relationship between dispositional flow and performance in triathletes. Sample consisted of 328 athletes (294 males and 34 females; mean age of 37.42±7.18 years) competing in the Ironman Brazil – Florianópolis – South American Championship 2017. Instruments were an identification sheet, the Dispositional Flow Scale (DFS-2) and athletes’ GPS/Garmin data. Data were analyzed using R, through Shapiro-Wilk normality test, Mann-Whitney’s U, Spearman Correlation and Network Analysis (LASSO), using strength, closeness and betweenness as centrality measurements. Results have shown positive correlation between age and total time (r=0.34), inverse relationship between time of practice and total time (r= -0.25), and inverse correlations between total time and 05 of the 09 flow dimensions (r between -0.17 and -0.11); flow conditions, flow characteristics, individual characteristics and performance were separately grouped in the network structure, challenge-skill balance was the most influential node, with the highest closeness and betweenness values; challenge-skill balance, clear goals, control and action-awareness merge directly influenced better race times. Sample’s top 50 performers had significantly higher disposition to challenge-skill balance, clear goals, control and feedback. Flow mechanisms and practical implications are discussed. Dispositional flow was positively related to performance in Brazilian triathletes.
Keywords: Flow, Endurance, triathlon, sport psychology, Athletes
Received: 27 Apr 2019;
Accepted: 03 Sep 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Garcia, Codonhato, Mizoguchi, Nascimento Junior, Vissoci, Aizava, Assis, Caruzzo and Fiorese. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Renan Codonhato, State University of Maringá, Maringá, 87020-900, Paraná, Brazil, email@example.com