Original Research ARTICLE
Relationships between reaction time, selective attention, physical activity and physical fitness in preteens
- 1University of Málaga, Spain
- 2Departamento de Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento. Universidad de Granada. Instituto Mixto Universitario Deporte y Salud., University of Granada, Spain
- 3Departamento Psicología Social, Trabajo Social, Antropología Social y Estudios de Asia Oriental, Universidad de Málaga, Spain
- 4Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación, Universidad de Málaga, Spain
The objective of this study was to analyze the relationships between simple and complex reaction time (RT) with the physical activity performed weekly, the physical fitness and selective attention in children of the third cycle of primary education. Participants were 119 children aged between 10 and 12 years (M = 10.71; SD = 0.77). The instruments used for data collection were the D2 attention test to analyze selective attention, various tests of the Eurofit and Alpha battery to evaluate the physical condition, a bioimpedianciometro Tanita TBF 300 to evaluate the body composition and the FitLight Trainer to measure the simple and complex reaction time. The group that carried out more weekly physical activity used less time in simple (p< .05, d= -.68, 95% CI [-1.19, -.17]) and complex reaction time tests (p< .05, d= -.63, 95% CI [-1.14, -.12]). Also, the results showed that simple reaction time was related in a significant way with physical fitness, while the complex reaction time was related significantly to attentional capacity and physical fitness.
Keywords: Reaction Time, selective attention, Fitlight trainer, physical activity, Physical Fitness
Received: 28 Jun 2019;
Accepted: 23 Sep 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Reigal Garrido, Barrero, Martín, Morales-Sánchez, Juárez and Hernández-Mendo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Antonio Hernández-Mendo, University of Málaga, Málaga, 29071, Andalusia, Spain, firstname.lastname@example.org