Original Research ARTICLE
How Workplace Bullying jeopardizes Employees’ Life satisfaction: the roles of Job Anxiety and Insomnia
- 1Riphah International University, Pakistan
- 2Riphah International University (Lahore), Pakistan
- 3University of the Punjab, Pakistan
Drawing on Conservation of resources (COR) theory, this study examined the underlying mechanism through which workplace bullying (WB) affects employees’ life satisfaction via job- related anxiety and insomnia. Time-lagged data were collected at two points in time from 211 doctor interns working in various hospitals in Pakistan. Results fully support a proposed serial multiple-mediator model. Workplace bullying is indirectly related to life satisfaction via job-related anxiety and insomnia. This study provides evidence of a spillover effect as to how workplace bullying increases employees’ job-related anxiety which in turn leads to insomnia resulting in reduced employees’ life satisfaction. The present study extends research on workplace bullying to display its theoretical as well as empirical effects on life satisfaction. It demonstrates that workplace bullying as an occupational and psychological stressor has multiple effects on employees’ life satisfaction through a serial mediation model in the context of a developing country. It further explains that workplace bullying not only affects an employee’s workplace behaviors but also extends to the employee’s over-all life satisfaction.
Keywords: Workplace bullying, job-related anxiety, insomnia, life satisfaction.
Keywords: workplace bullying, Job-related anxiety, insomnia, life satisfaction, Pakistan
Received: 13 May 2019;
Accepted: 24 Sep 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Nauman, MALIK and JALIL. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Shazia Nauman, Riphah International University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, email@example.com