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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02410

Are Sexist Attitudes and Gender Stereotypes Linked? A Critical Feminist Approach with a Spanish Sample

  • 1Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain
  • 2Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
  • 3Universidad Internacional De La Rioja, Spain
  • 4Universidad Pública de Navarra, Spain

The present study aims to verify the psychometric properties of the Spanish versions of the Social Roles Questionnaire (SRQ; Baber & Tucker, 2006), Modern Sexism scale (MS) and Old-fashioned Sexism scale (OFS; Swim et al. Swim & Cohen, 1997). Enough support was found to maintain the original factor structure of all instruments in their Spanish version. Differences between men and women in the scores are commented on, mainly because certain sexist attitudes have been overcome with greater success in the current Spanish society, while other issues, such as distribution of power in organizational hierarchies or distribution of tasks in the household, where traditional unequal positions are still maintained. In all cases, it was found that men showed greater support for sexist attitudes. The correlations between the three instruments were as expected in assessing sexist attitudes that tend to relate to each other. Eventually, we found no empirical evidence for the postulated link between sexist attitudes and traditional gender stereotypes. Our results call for the validity and effectiveness of the classic theories of gender psychology, such as gender schema theories (Well, 1981; Markus et al., 1982) and the notion of a gender belief system (Deaux & Kite, 1987; 2001).

Keywords: Sexism, Gender stereotype, psychometric properties, Invariance across sex, Spanish men and women

Received: 02 Jun 2019; Accepted: 09 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 García-Sánchez, Almendros, Aramayona, Martín, Soria-Oliver, López and Martínez. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Rubén García-Sánchez, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, Spain, ruben.garciasanchez@uam.es