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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02550

Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Child Version in Chinese Children

  • 1School of Education and Psychology, University of Jinan, China
  • 2Department of Sociology, School of Public Administration, Guangzhou University, China
  • 3Guangzhou University, China
  • 4Department of Psychology, School of Education, Guangzhou University, China
  • 5School of Education Science, Guizhou Normal University, China

The primary goal of the present study was to examine the latent factor structure and measurement invariance of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Child Version (YPI-CV) in a sample of Chinese children. 299 school children (aged 9–12, 47.3% female) completed the Chinese version of the YPI-CV, and their parents completed a different measure of psychopathic traits, as well as ones for other measures: the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI), the Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ), and the Social Competence – Parent Version (SCPV). Results showed that a bifactor model at item level fit the data best and was invariant across gender. Specifically, the general psychopathy factor influenced the 18 items strongly, suggesting that the YPI-CV is unidimensional rather than multidimensional. Overall, findings suggest that the bifactor structure of the YPI-CV should be used when examining relationships with outcome variables in Chinese children, with a focus on the total score of the YPI-CV, while factor scores should be explained with caution.

Keywords: psychopathic traits, Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Children version, Bifactor Model, Measurement invariance, Chinese children

Received: 20 May 2019; Accepted: 29 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Ren, Zhang, Li, Luo, Deng, Zhang and Wang. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Qing-peng Zhang, Department of Sociology, School of Public Administration, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China, zhqp@gzhu.edu.cn