Reconciling contemporary approaches to school attendance and school absenteeism: Toward promotion and nimble response, global policy review and implementation, and future adaptability (Part 2)
- 1University of Nevada, Las Vegas, United States
- 2University of Alicante, Spain
- 3University of Illinois at Chicago, United States
As noted in Part 1 of this two-part review, school attendance is an important foundational competency for children and adolescents, and school absenteeism has been linked to myriad short- and long-term negative consequences, even into adulthood. Categorical and dimensional approaches for this population have been developed. This article (Part 2 of a two-part review) discusses compatibilities of categorical and dimensional approaches for school attendance and school absenteeism and how these approaches can inform one another. The article also poses a multidimensional multi-tiered system of supports pyramid model as a mechanism for reconciling these approaches, promoting school attendance (and/or prevention of school absenteeism), establishing early warning systems for nimble response to school attendance problems, assisting with global policy review and dissemination and implementation, and adapting to future changes in education and technology.
Keywords: School attendance, School absenteeism, Chronic absenteeism, truancy, school refusal, School withdrawal, school exclusion, multi-tiered system of supports, early warning, Dissemination and implementation, future adaptability
Received: 03 Jul 2019;
Accepted: 04 Nov 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Kearney, Gonzálvez, Graczyk and Fornander. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Mx. Christopher Kearney, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, United States, firstname.lastname@example.org