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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02631

The China Image Set (CIS): A new set of 551 colored photos with Chinese norms for 12 psycholinguistic variables

 Long Long1, 2,  Ye Liu1, 2*, Wenyuan Yu1, 2 and  Xiaolan Fu1, 2
  • 1Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
  • 2Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Normative image sets are widely used in memory, perception, and lan- guage studies. Following the pioneering work of Snodgrass and Vanderwart (1980), a number of normalized image sets with various language norms have been created. However, original image sets that are carefully selected to accommodate Chinese cul- ture and language are still in short supply. In the present study, we provided the China Image Set (CIS), a new set of photo stimuli with Chinese norms. The CIS consists of 551 high-quality colored photo stimuli that cover 21 categories and are normalized on 12 different variables, including name agreement, category agreement, familiarity, visual complexity, object manipulability, manipulation experience, color diagnostic- ity, shape diagnosicity, image variability, age of acquisition, image agreement, and within-category typicality. Of the 12 variables, shape diagnosticity and manipulation experience with the object depicted in a stimulus are the two newly introduced and normalized variables. Multiple regression analysis reveals that name agreement, age of acquisition, image agreement, shape diagnosticity, and image variability are the most robust determinants of picture naming latency. Our normative dataset of the high- quality photo stimuli offers an ecologically more valid tool to study object recognition and language processing within Chinese culture than has previously been available.

Keywords: Image set, Shape diagnosticity, manipulation experience , Chinese norms, naming latency

Received: 07 Apr 2019; Accepted: 07 Nov 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Long, Liu, Yu and Fu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: PhD. Ye Liu, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China,