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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.665144

The effects of different feedback types on learning with mobile quiz apps Provisionally accepted The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon. Notify me

 Marco Rüth1*,  Johannes Breuer2, Daniel Zimmermann1 and  Kai Kaspar1
  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany
  • 2GESIS Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, Germany

Testing is an effective learning method and it is the basis of mobile quiz apps. Quiz apps have the potential to facilitate remote and self-regulated learning. In this context, automatized feedback plays a crucial role. In two experimental studies, we examined the effects of two feedback types of quiz apps on performance, namely the standard corrective feedback of quiz apps and a feedback that incorporates additional information related to the correct response option. We realized a controlled lab setting (n = 68, Study 1) and an unsupervised mobile setting (n = 150, Study 2). In the learning phase, participants used the quiz app and received feedback. They also completed a subsequent test as well as a follow-up test one week later by using the same quiz app. Irrespective of feedback type and setting, cognitive outcomes (quiz scores) and metacognitive outcomes (response certainty) increased similarly in the short term and long term. Feedback effects were not moderated by participants’ overall response certainty during learning, their prior knowledge, and the difficulty of quiz items. Moreover, we found that participants perceived the quiz app similarly attractive, interesting, and enjoyable in both feedback conditions, and that they spent slightly more time to process quiz items in the lab setting. We discuss these results in detail, including the role of moderating and mediating factors and prospects for further research and practice. Overall, our results underline that quiz apps are useful and effective tools that can support the acquisition and retention of semantic knowledge in different learning settings.

Keywords: Mobile learning, Quiz apps, Response feedback, learning performance, response certainty, Self-Assessment, semantic knowledge

Received: 07 Feb 2021; Accepted: 15 Apr 2021.

Copyright: © 2021 Rüth, Breuer, Zimmermann and Kaspar. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Mr. Marco Rüth, Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany,