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ORIGINAL RESEARCH article

Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.697293

PSIXPORT: Mobile App for Ecological Momentary Assessment of Psychological Dimensions in Sport Injury Provisionally accepted The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon. Notify me

  • 1Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
  • 2Complutense University of Madrid, Spain

Retrospective self-reports have been commonly used to assess psychological variables such as feelings, thoughts, or emotions. Nevertheless, this method presents serious limitations to gather accurate information about variables that change over time. The Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) approach has been used to deal with some of the limitations these retrospective assessment methods present, and for gathering real-time information about dynamic psychological variables, such as feelings, thoughts, or behaviors. In the sports injury rehabilitation context, athletes’ thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and pain perceptions during the rehabilitation process can influence the outcomes of this process. These responses change over different stages of the rehabilitation, and taking them into account can help therapists to adapt the rehabilitation process and increasing their effectiveness. With this aim, an EMA mobile app (PSIXPORT) was designed to gather real-time information about severely injured athletes’ cognitive appraisals, emotional responses, behaviors, and pain perceptions during their rehabilitation process. The goals of this study were to evaluate Psixport’s ability to gather real-time information about injured athletes’ psychological responses during the rehabilitation, to test the users’ perceived usability of Psixport, and to compare the reliability and differences between real-time data gathered with Psixport and the data gathered through the one-time retrospective method. 28 severely injured athletes (10 men and 18 women) were assessed using Psixport, a retrospective questionnaire, and the uMARS usability test. Results showed that Psixport can be considered as a good tool to gather information about injured athletes’ cognitive appraisals, emotional responses, behaviors, and pain perceptions. Moreover, multiple data assessments gathered with the app showed to be more accurate information about injured athletes’ psychological responses than one-time retrospective reports.

Keywords: Sport Injuries1, Ecological Momentary Assessment2, Psychological Responses3, mHealth App4, Rehabilitation process5

Received: 20 Apr 2021; Accepted: 10 Jun 2021.

Copyright: © 2021 González Barato, Rubio, Hernández and Sánchez-Iglesias. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Prof. Victor J. Rubio, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain, victor.rubio@uam.es