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REVIEW article

Front. Mater.
Sec. Carbon-Based Materials
Volume 11 - 2024 | doi: 10.3389/fmats.2024.1416445
This article is part of the Research Topic Biomass Conversion and Biomass-Derived Carbon-Based Materials for Remediation of Emerging Pollutants in Soil and Water View all articles

Utilization of Fungal and Bacterial Bioremediation Techniques for the Treatment of Toxic Waste and Biowaste

Provisionally accepted
  • 1 Saveetha Dental College And Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • 2 University of Tarapacá, Arica, Tarapaca, Chile
  • 3 Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
  • 4 SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • 5 Graphic Era University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
  • 6 Shanghai University, Shanghai, Shanghai Municipality, China

The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon.

    The escalating accumulation of toxic wastes and biowastes constitutes a critical environmental crisis that demands immediate and effective solutions. Traditional waste treatment methods, predominantly chemical and physical, are increasingly viewed as unsustainable, burdened by high operational costs and the risk of generating secondary pollutants. Against this backdrop, bioremediation emerges as a crucial and sustainable alternative, utilizing the natural detoxifying capabilities of microorganisms. This review article focuses on the use of fungal and bacterial strategies in bioremediation, emphasizing their vital role in the degradation, stabilization, or detoxification of pollutants. We provide an in-depth analysis of the mechanisms by which fungi and bacteria break down various contaminants, presenting a current snapshot of the field's state of knowledge. The article highlights recent innovative advancements that improve the effectiveness and expand the applicability of bioremediation technologies. Moreover, it discusses the practical challenges of scaling these solutions to meet global environmental needs and suggests directions for future research and implementation. This synthesis not only underscores the significance of microbial bioremediation in addressing pressing environmental problems but also acts as a call to action for continued innovation in the sustainable management of hazardous wastes.

    Keywords: Fungi, Bacteria, bioremediation, pollutants, Toxic waste, biowaste, detoxification, Lessharmful

    Received: 12 Apr 2024; Accepted: 24 May 2024.

    Copyright: © 2024 Thirumalaivasan, Gnanasekaran, Rajamani Sekar, Sundaram, Rajendran, Nangan and Kuppusamy. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

    * Correspondence: Suresh Kumar Rajamani Sekar, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia

    Disclaimer: All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.