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Front. Mater., 15 August 2023
Sec. Polymeric and Composite Materials
Volume 10 - 2023 |

Editorial: Fiber-reinforced composites: design, characterization, analysis, and application

  • 1College of Civil Aviation, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China
  • 2Department of Materials Science and Engineering of Composite Structures, O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • 3Institute of Advanced Structure Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China
  • 4State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha, China

To ensure the operation reliability, durability and safety of fiber-reinforced composite components in different application areas of aerospace, transportation, and nuclear industry, etc., it is necessary to perform experimental and theoretical investigations on the mechanical properties, defect/damage identification, and optimization design, etc. The Research Topic aimed to capture the recent developments of advancing new methods, experimental damage/defect identification technologies, optimization design methods in different fiber-reinforced composites, expecting to widen the knowledge in the research area and promote the applications. The Research Topic has currently collected five papers, including three original research articles and two reviews.

The three original research papers mainly focused on the investigations on the interfacial treatment, micro EDM drilling, and physiological and morphological properties of different fiber-reinforced composites.

Zhou et al. conducted experimental investigation on the effect of interfacial treatment on the static bending strength and elastic modulus of plant fiber/phenolic resin composites at room temperature. The mechanical properties of the strength and modulus have been improved after the pretreatment of the plant fibers by improving the compatibility between the plant fiber and the resin matrix. Compared with the untreated fiber reinforced phenolic resin (PF/SF) composites, the static bending strength and elastic modulus of the phenolic resin/lipase treatment rice straw fibers (PF/L-SF) composite increased by 32.9% and 30.5%, respectively.

Kaushik et al. performed experimental investigation on the process parameters (i.e., voltage, capacitance, and tool rotation speed) on the micro hole EDM drilling quality of CFRP composites using the response surface method. The result showed that the capacitance affected the hole quality of material removal rate, roundness error, and tapper. Relationships between the optimum material removal rate, hole quality and process parameters have been established.

Zouari et al. analyzed the effect of biochar (BC) on the physiological and morphological properties of the hemp-polylactic acid composites. Measurements of weight loss, color stability, microscopic observations, and water contact angle were conducted. Experimental results showed that the white and brown rots invaded the composites’ surface at the initial stage of the incubation period and then accessed the interior of the composite materials due to the occurrence of microcracks which enabled the fungi to invade the internal structure of the composites.

The two review papers focused on the non-destructive testing and evaluation techniques, and intelligent methods for optimization design of lightweight composites.

Chen et al. performed the review on the nondestructive testing and evaluation (NDE&E) techniques of defects in fiber-reinforced polymer composites. Different NDT&E techniques were analyzed and divided into three categories based on the operation frequency and data processing means. Suitable NDT&E methods were identified for four types of defects/damage of great interest. The cost, inspection speed, benefits, limitations, and the development of the NDT&E technologies and their applications were compared and analyzed.

Chen et al. reviewed the intellectualization methods development for optimization design of lightweight fiber-reinforced composite structures, including prediction and optimization methods for composite properties. The trend of intelligent design technologies and intelligent composite structures were also discussed.

In conclusion, this Research Topic presented insightful and innovative investigation on the composites, promoting the development of this field. We sincerely thank all authors and reviewers for contributing to this Research Topic.

Author contributions

LL: Writing–original draft, Writing–review and editing. AK: Writing–review and editing. ZZ: Writing–original draft, Writing–review and editing. ZC: Writing–original draft, Writing–review and editing.


We thank the authors participating in this Research Topic for their excellent articles and reviewers for their valuable comments.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Publisher’s note

All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Keywords: composites, design, characterization, NDT, analysis, optimization

Citation: Li L, Kondratiev A, Zhang Z and Chen Z (2023) Editorial: Fiber-reinforced composites: design, characterization, analysis, and application. Front. Mater. 10:1267153. doi: 10.3389/fmats.2023.1267153

Received: 26 July 2023; Accepted: 07 August 2023;
Published: 15 August 2023.

Edited and reviewed by:

Robert Li, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China

Copyright © 2023 Li, Kondratiev, Zhang and Chen. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Longbiao Li,