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Front. Psychol. | doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00436

Personality and social context factors associated to self-reported excessive use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on a sample of Spanish Adolescents

  • 1University of Girona, Spain

• The vulnerability that characterizes adolescents justifies the growing health concern about the impact of excessive use of ICT. Exploring the roll both psychological and social variables in excessive use of ICT in adolescents can help preventing risk behaviors.
• Examining the ICT use of 1,102 secondary school, baccalaureate and professional training course students (11-18 years old, M = 14.42, Sd = 1.78; 50.58% boys), we investigate the psycho-social profile of those adolescents who have self –reported an excessive use of ICTs. Personality factors were assessed using the NEO-FFI, and social context factors through the PWI (Personal Well-being Index); AF5 (Multidimensional Scale of Self Concept); SSA (Social Support Appraisals); ad hoc questions on self-perception of parental and sibling ICT consumption, and the existence of rules for ICT use in the home. 14.5% (n = 160) of adolescents match the criteria of excessive use. The self-reported excessive use is associated as much by personality factors as by family context. Risk factors in self-reported excessive adolescent ICT use are being female, impulsiveness, perceiving a high level of family support and a high use by parents and siblings. The family, academic, emotional and physical self-concepts are factors of protection. This study has provided us with a profile of adolescents who make a self-reported excessive use of ICT, which may be of help in preventing such use. The presence of these specific personality and socio-demographic factors indicate a greater vulnerability and may serve as indicators for parents, teachers and healthcare professionals to intervene and prevent excessive ICT use and other serious psychological problems related.

Keywords: Personality, Social context, excessive ict use, Risk factors, Adoles cents

Received: 27 Jul 2018; Accepted: 13 Feb 2019.

Edited by:

Takahiro A. Kato, Kyushu University, Japan

Reviewed by:

Masaru Tateno, Sapporo Medical University, Japan
Felix Ter Chian Tan, University of New South Wales, Australia  

Copyright: © 2019 Martín-Perpiñá, Viñas and malo. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Mrs. Maria De Las Mercedes Martín-Perpiñá, University of Girona, Girona, Spain, mercedes.martin@udg.edu