The Brassica genome
- 1The Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
- 2Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Brassica Genome Research Topic
Brassica species include important crops and provide unique materials for the study of genome evolution. These crops include six important vegetables and oilseed crops, which have been classically described by “U's triangle'. The three diploid species B. rapa (A genome), B. nigra (B genome), and B. oleracea (C genome) have formed the amphidiploid species B. juncea (A and B genomes), B. napus (A and C genomes), and B. carinata (B and C genomes) by hybridization. Moreover, the three diploid species themselves are evolved from a paleohexaploid, that is old enough to allowing the species being evolved into diploid species and young enough to maintain significant synteny with its ancestors. These make the Brassica species of the uniqueness of polyploidy in botanical evolution.
Brassicas are closely related to the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, one of the most extensively studied species in the world. Sequencing of the genome of Brassica rapa provided a great opportunity to bridge the rich knowledge obtained from Arabidopsis to be transferred to a cultivated species. Yet, tools and resources need to be established to accomplish the knowledge transfer. The release of the B. rapa var. Chiifu genome is not only of importance for genome evolution research, but also facilitates the gene discovery and breeding of the Brassica crops. Conversely, using the duplicated Brassica species as “deletion machines” to better understand the cis/trans-relationships of ENCODE-like features that are accumulating all over the arabidopsis genome is an additional, fundamental reason for continued study of the Brassica species.
This Research Topic—The Brassica Genome—gathers contributions that report establishment of novel tools and methods, comparative genomics, gene discovery, molecular marker development, and genetic dissection of important traits. We hope this modest compendium marks the beginning of a vibrant future for Brassica comparative genome biology, and points the way toward how the Brassica lineage of crucifers, with arabidopsis as the outgroup, can and will revolutionize studies of eukaryotic gene and genome regulation and the phenotypes they specify.
Citation: Wang X and Freeling M (2013) The Brassica genome. Front. Plant Sci. 4:148. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00148
Received: 30 April 2013; Accepted: 01 May 2013;
Published online: 30 May 2013.
Edited by:Richard A. Jorgensen, University of Arizona, USA
Reviewed by:Richard A. Jorgensen, University of Arizona, USA
Copyright © 2013 Wang and Freeling. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited and subject to any copyright notices concerning any third-party graphics etc.