Mini Review ARTICLE
Tiny yet indispensable plant microRNAs are worth to explore as key components for combating genotoxic stresses
- 1Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
- 2Visva-Bharati University, India
Plants being sessile are always exposed to various stresses including biotic and abiotic stresses. Some of these stresses are genotoxic to cells causing DNA damage by forming lesions which include altered bases, cross-links, and breaking of DNA strands, which in turn hamper the genomic integrity. In order to survive through all these adverse conditions, plants have evolved different DNA repair mechanisms. As seen from the mammalian system and different human diseases, various microRNAs (miRNAs) can target the 3′-untranslated region of mRNAs that code for the proteins involved in DNA repair pathways. Since miRNAs play an important role in plant cells by regulating various metabolic pathways, it can also be possible that miRNAs play an important role in DNA repair pathways too. However, till date only a handful of plant miRNAs have been identified to play important role in combating genotoxic stresses in plants. Limitation of information regarding involvement of miRNAs in DNA repair as well as in ROS scavenging prompted us to gather information about plant miRNAs specific for these tasks. This mini-review aims to present pertinent literature dealing with different genotoxic stresses that cause genome instability as well as plant specific responses to survive the damage. This is intertwined with the involvement of miRNAs in genotoxic stress in plants, challenges of applying miRNAs as a tool to combat DNA damage along with ways to overcome these challenges, and finally, the future prospective of these understudied aspects.
Keywords: genotoxic stress, microRNA, ROS scavenging, superoxide dismutase., DNA damage repair (DDR)
Received: 19 Apr 2019;
Accepted: 30 Aug 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 ROY CHOWDHURY and Basak. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Jolly Basak, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan, 731235, West Bengal, India, email@example.com