Original Research ARTICLE
Boosting Genetic Gain in Allogamous Crops via Speed Breeding and Genomic Selection
- 1AgriBio, La Trobe University, Australia
Breeding schemes that utilize modern breeding methods like genomic selection (GS) and speed breeding (SB) have the potential to accelerate genetic gain for different crops. We investigated through stochastic computer simulation the advantages and disadvantages of adopting both GS and SB into commercial breeding programs for allogamous crops. In addition, we studied the effect of omitting one or two selection stages from the conventional phenotypic scheme on GS accuracy, genetic gain, and inbreeding. As an example, we simulated GS and SB for five traits with different genetic architectures and heritabilities for a tall fescue breeding program. The phenotypic selection scheme required eleven years, while the proposed GS/SB schemes required four to nine years per cycle. Our results showed that running more SB rounds resulted in higher genetic gain per cycle when compared to phenotypic or GS only schemes and this increase was more pronounced per year when cycle time was shortened by omitting cycle stages. While GS accuracy declined with additional SB rounds, the decline was less in round three than in round two, indicating that it may be stabilizing. However, more SB rounds resulted in higher inbreeding rate, which could limit long-term genetic gain. The inbreeding rate was reduced by approximately 30% when generating the initial population for each cycle through random crosses instead of generating half-sib families. Our study demonstrated a large potential for additional genetic gain from combining GS and SB. Nevertheless, methods to mitigate inbreeding should be considered for optimal utilization of these highly accelerated breeding programs.
Keywords: Allogamous breeding, Inbreeding, genomic selection, simulation, Speed breeding
Received: 25 Jun 2019;
Accepted: 03 Oct 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Jighly, Lin, Pembleton, Cogan, Spangenberg, Hayes and Daetwyler. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Dr. Abdulqader Jighly, AgriBio, La Trobe University, Bundoora, 3083, Victoria, Australia, firstname.lastname@example.org