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Review ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Plant Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.01385

Genetics and breeding of Lupinus mutabilis: an emerging protein crop

 Agata Gulisano1,  Sofia Alves2, Joao Neves Martins2 and  Luisa M. Trindade3*
  • 1Wageningen University & Research, Netherlands
  • 2Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • 3Laboratory of Plant Breeding, Wageningen University & Research, Netherlands

Protein crops have gained increasing interest in recent years, as a transition towards plant-protein based diets appears pivotal to ensure global food security and preserve the environment. The Andean species Lupinus mutabilis emerges as an ideal protein crop with great potential for Europe and other regions with temperate climates. This species is characterized by an oil and protein content similar to soybean and is highly valued for its adaptability to colder climates and low input agriculture on marginal land. However, its introduction outside the Andes has yet to take off. To date, L. mutabilis remains an under-studied crop, lacking high yield, early maturity and a consistent breeding history. This review paper identifies L. mutabilis limitations and potential uses, and suggests the main breeding targets for further improvement of this crop. It also highlights the potential of new molecular tools and available germplasm resources that can now be used to establish L. mutabilis as a viable protein crop.

Keywords: Lupinus mutabilis, Lupin, Breeding, Genetics, Protein crop, Plant protein

Received: 17 Jul 2019; Accepted: 07 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Gulisano, Alves, Neves Martins and Trindade. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Luisa M. Trindade, Wageningen University & Research, Laboratory of Plant Breeding, Wageningen, 6708 PB, Netherlands, luisa.trindade@wur.nl