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Original Research ARTICLE Provisionally accepted The full-text will be published soon. Notify me

Front. Plant Sci. | doi: 10.3389/fpls.2019.01417

Quantifying phosphorus and water demand to attain maximum growth of Solanum tuberosum in a CO2-enriched environment

  • 1Nagoya University, Japan

Growth promotion by ambient CO2 enrichment may be advantageous for crop growth but this may be influenced by soil nutrient availability. Therefore, we quantified potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) growth responses to phosphorus (P) supply under ambient (a[CO2]) and elevated (doubled) CO2 concentration (e[CO2]). A pot experiment was conducted in controlled-environment chambers with a[CO2] and e[CO2] combined with six P supply rates. We obtained response curves of biomass against P supply rates under a[CO2] and e[CO2] (R2 = 0.996 and R2 = 0.992, respectively). A strong interaction between [CO2] and P was found. Overall, e[CO2] enhanced maximum biomass accumulation (1.5-fold) and water-use efficiency (WUE) (1.5-fold), but not total water use. To reach these maxima, minimum P supply rate at both [CO2] conditions was similar. Foliar critical P concentration (i.e., minimum [P] to reach 90% of maximum growth) was also similar at nearly 110 mg P m-2. Doubling [CO2] did not increase P and water demand of potato plants, thus enabling the promotion of maximum growth without additional P or water supply, but via a significant increase in WUE (9.6 g biomass kg-1 water transpired), presumably owing to the interaction between CO2 and P.

Keywords: elevated CO2, Critical phosphorus concentration, Plant Growth, Leaf phosphorus, Potato, water-use efficiency, Starch

Received: 12 Jul 2019; Accepted: 11 Oct 2019.

Copyright: © 2019 Yi, Sugiura and Yano. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Mx. Katsuya Yano, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan, kyano@agr.nagoya-u.ac.jp