Original Research ARTICLE
Coordination of glucosinolate biosynthesis and turnover under different nutrient conditions
- 1Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Dynamically changing environmental conditions promote a complex regulation of plant metabolism and balanced resource investments to development and defense. Plants of the Brassicales order constitutively allocate carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur to synthesize glucosinolates as their primary defense metabolites. Previous findings support a model in which steady-state levels of glucosinolates in intact tissues are determined by biosynthesis and turnover through a yet uncharacterized turnover pathway. To investigate glucosinolate turnover in the absence of tissue damage, we quantified exogenously applied allyl glucosinolate and endogenous glucosinolates under different nutrient conditions. Our data shows that, in seedlings of Arabidopsis thaliana accession Columbia 0, glucosinolate biosynthesis and turnover are coordinated according to nutrient availability. Whereas exogenous carbon sources had general quantitative effects on glucosinolate accumulation, sulfur or nitrogen limitation resulted in distinct changes in glucosinolate profiles, indicating that these macronutrients provide different regulatory inputs. Raphanusamic acid, a breakdown product that can potentially be formed from all glucosinolate structures appears not to reflect in planta turnover rates, but instead correlates with increased accumulation of endogenous glucosinolates. Thus, raphanusamic acid could represent a metabolic checkpoint that allows glucosinolate-producing plants to measure the flux through the biosynthetic and/or turnover pathways and thereby to dynamically adjust glucosinolate accumulation in response to internal and external signals.
Keywords: Glucosinolate metabolism, Nutrient conditions, seedling development, nitrogen limitation, Sulfur limitation, Metabolic Regulation
Received: 29 Jul 2019;
Accepted: 07 Nov 2019.
Copyright: © 2019 Jeschke, Weber, Moore and Burow. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
* Correspondence: Prof. Meike Burow, University of Copenhagen, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Copenhagen, 1017, Capital Region of Denmark, Denmark, email@example.com